|Act of Parliament|
|Long title||An Act to establish and make provision about the National Assembly for Wales and the offices of Auditor General for Wales and Welsh Administration Ombudsman; to reform certain Welsh public bodies and abolish certain other Welsh public bodies; and for connected purposes.|
|Citation||1998 Chapter 38|
|Introduced by||Ron Davies, Secretary of State for Wales|
|Territorial extent||United Kingdom|
|Royal assent||31 July 1998|
|Relates to||Referendums (Scotland & Wales) Act 1997, Scotland Act 1998, Northern Ireland Act 1998|
|Text of statute as originally enacted|
|Revised text of statute as amended|
The Government of Wales Act 1998 (c. 38) (Welsh: Deddf Llywodraeth Cymru 1998) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Passed in 1998, the act created the National Assembly for Wales, Auditor General for Wales and transferred devolved powers to the assembly. The act followed the 1997 Welsh devolution referendum.
|History of Wales|
The Government for Wales Act 1998 brought about the then National Assembly for Wales as a corporate body.
Under the 1998 act, the Welsh Assembly received powers to legislate on powers previously held by the Secretary of State for Wales. Powers included agriculture, forestry, fisheries and food; ancient monuments and historic buildings; culture (including museums, galleries and libraries); economic development; education and training; the environment; health and health services; highways; housing; industry; local government; social services; sport and recreation; tourism; town and country planning; transport; water and flood defence; the Welsh language.
On 26 November 1997, the Government of Wales Bill was first read in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. This followed the white paper policy objectives in further legal detail and added the "First Secretary" role to lead the executive committee of a "National Assembly" (rather than "Assembly for Wales"). The Assembly would be an independent "corporate body" able to make secondary legislation in devolved areas whereas primary legislation powers would stay at Westminster for all matters.The Welsh Assembly would be funded using a "block grant" similarly to the already existing Welsh Office using the Barnett formula.
Welsh Assembly elections would include one vote for a constituency Assembly Member (AM) and one regional vote of Wales' five electoral regions. There would be 40 constituency AM's were elected "first past the post" and 20 "list" AMs were elected via the D'Hondt method.
Clause 34 of the Bill would allow the Assembly to consider “any matter affecting Wales” and a mechanism for potential further transfer of powers to allow the "process" of devolution to continue as suggested by Ron Davies.
- "Devolution in Wales: "A process, not an event"". commonslibrary.parliament.uk.
- "Government of Wales Act 1998 | Law Wales". law.gov.wales. Retrieved 19 February 2023.
- Watkin, Thomas Glyn (2007). The Legal History of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. p. 197. ISBN 0-7083-2064-3.
- Torrence, David (30 January 2023). "Devolution in Wales: "A process, not an event"" (PDF). pp. 14–15.