Morganite (gem)

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Morganite from Brazil with inclusions of black schorl
(repeating unit)
Mohs scale hardness7.5 to 8

Morganite is an orange or pink variety of beryl and is also a gemstone.[2] Morganite is mined in Brazil, Afghanistan, Mozambique, Namibia, the United States, and Madagascar.[3]

Morganite has grown in popularity since 2010.[2] Brides and CNN have listed it as a possible alternative to diamond for engagement rings.[4][5]


Morganite is named(1911) after J. P. Morgan.[6]

Morganite is also known as pink beryl, rose beryl, pink emerald, and "cesian (or caesian) beryl".[7]


The pink color of morganite is attributed to Mn2+ ions.[7] Morganite is pleochroic; when it is viewed down its crystallographic axis the color is more pink.

In comparison to emerald, morganite lacks inclusions and fractures, thus making it more durable than emerald.[2]


Pink beryl of fine color and good sizes was first discovered on an island off the coast of Madagascar in 1910.[8] It was also known, with other gemstone minerals, such as tourmaline and kunzite, at Pala, California. In December 1910, the New York Academy of Sciences named the pink variety of beryl "morganite" after financier J. P. Morgan.[8]

On October 7, 1989, one of the largest gem morganite specimens ever uncovered, eventually called "The Rose of Maine", was found at the Bennett Quarry in Buckfield, Maine, US.[9] The crystal, originally somewhat orange in hue, was 23 cm (9 in) long and about 30 cm (12 in) across, and weighed (along with its matrix) just over 50 pounds (23 kg).[10]

Before 2011, morganite was unknown in many jewelry stores. But, recently morganite has been increasing in popularity.[2]

Value and popularity[edit]

According to a 2017 survey, morganite is the second most popular non-diamond stone, after sapphire. A single carat of morganite can cost about $300.[11]

Morganite is one of the rarest members of the beryl family, second only to red beryl. Due to the scarcity of morganites, especially those of high quality, they tend to be among the most expensive per carat.[6] Ones that are deep pink in color tend to be the most valuable.[12]


  1. ^ "Morganite".
  2. ^ a b c d "Morganite: The orange to pink gem with growing popularity". Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  3. ^ "Morganite Description". Retrieved 2021-08-31.
  4. ^ "8 Diamond Alternatives to Consider for Your Engagement Ring". Brides. Retrieved 2021-11-20.
  5. ^ Murden, Banu Ibrahim,Kiana (2021-05-18). "Planning to propose? Here are 23 expert-approved rings worth buying". CNN Underscored. Retrieved 2021-11-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ a b Oldershaw, Cally (2003). Firefly Guide to Gems. Firefly Books. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-55297-814-6.
  7. ^ a b "Color in the beryl group". Mineral Spectroscopy Server. California Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
  8. ^ a b "Gem named for Morgan; Newly discovered pink beryl is to be known as Morganite" (PDF). The New York Times. 6 December 1910.
  9. ^ Harrison, Donald K.; Anderson, Walter; Foley, Michael E. (1990). "The Mineral Industry of Maine" (PDF). Minerals yearbook 1990. Vol. 2. US Bureau of Mines. p. 237. ISBN 978-0-160-38183-6. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 April 2014.
  10. ^ "The Rose of Maine". Maine Geological Survey. 6 October 2005. Archived from the original on 10 July 2009. Image of "The Rose of Maine" at the site of its discovery.
  11. ^ Keiles, Jamie Lauren (2018-12-04). "The pink engagement ring gemstone that everyone is buying but nobody is talking about". Vox. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  12. ^ Grande, Lance; Augustyn, Allison (2009-11-15). Gems and Gemstones: Timeless Natural Beauty of the Mineral World. University of Chicago Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-226-30511-0.